Wow, lots of people were interested in the bird flu pamphlet I translated! If you’re one of those people, here is the full translation. Please bear in mind that this is something I just did for “fun” and haven’t gone over very thoroughly. I attempted to do a fairly literal translation without being too Chinglishy, but I didn’t polish it. If you read Chinese and find mistakes I’ve made, please chip in with corrections :)
Confronting the H7N9 Avian Flu Epidemic
Correct understanding of science and prevention
Shunyi District Health Board
Shunyi District Center for Disease Control
What is the H7N9 avian flu?
Avian influenza is an acute infectious disease caused by a variant of the influenza virus. It usually only infects birds; it occasionally infects humans, pigs, horses, mink and marine mammals.
The strains of avian influence that can infect humans are H5N1, H9N2, H7N7, H7N2, H7N3. The reports of human infection with H7N9 avian influenza virus is a new mutation of the H7N9 and H9N2 viruses. Before 2013, no person in China had been infected with H7 avian influenza.
How do people catch H7N9 avian influenza?
Confirmed cases had come into contact with animals or the animal environment. On April 4, 2013, H7N9 avian influenza virus was detected in pigeons in a market in Shanghai; it is very similar to human infections of H7N9 avian influenza. It is not clear how humans are infected. Based on past experience and the speculation of epidemiological investigators, the virus may be carried in poultry and their droppings, feathers, respiratory secretions, blood, etc., and transmitted to humans through contact.
Can H7N9 be transmitted from person to person?
According to previous data, human cases of avian flu are rare. Currently there is no data to show that the H7N9 virus can be passed from person to person. Therefore currently it has no strong ability to be transmitted in crowds. However, previous human infections of avian influenza had a very high fatality rate, about 60%. The current H7N9 avian influenza virus also has a high fatality rate. [From what I’ve read, about 20%]
How long is the incubation period of human infection with the H7N9 avian influenza?
According to the known incubation period for influenza, and the existing H7N9 avian influenza virus infection, the incubation period is generally 7 days.
Who needs to pay extra attention to prevention of H7N9 avian influenza?
At this stage mainly those engaged in poultry production, sales, slaughter, processing industry, as well as those who have been in contact with poultry within a week, should pay more attention to prevention than the average person.
What are the early symptoms of H7N9 avian influenza?
Human infections of H7N9 avian influenza have acute onset, usually manifesting flu-like symptoms, such as fever, cough, small amount of phlegm, and may be accompanied by headache, muscle aches, and general malaise. Patients with severe progression of the disease manifest with serious pneumonia, usually with a sustained fever over 39ºC, difficulty in breathing, and possibly with bloody sputum; this can rapidly progress to acute respiratory distress.
Should we avoid eating poultry at the moment?
The avian influenza virus is sensitive to heat, 65ºC heat for 30 minutes or boiling (100ºC) more than two minutes will inactivate it. Therefore, fully cooked poultry and pork can be eaten. However, avian influenza has a strong resistance to low temperatures, it can survive in 4ºC water for a month; therefore be careful when eating rare chicken or hotpot.
How can ordinary people prevent avian influenza?
Pay attention to personal hygiene, keep washing hands, keep indoors ventilated, pay attention to nutrition, ensure adequate sleep and rest, such as through strong physical exercise. Especially be sure to was hands thoroughly after contact with live poultry.
（2）尽可能减少与禽畜不必要的接触，特别注意尽量避免接触病死禽畜。食用禽肉蛋时要充分煮熟。 Minimize unnecessary contact with live poultry, with special attention to avoid contact with sick or dead poultry. When eating eggs make sure they are thoroughly cooked.
Raw and cooked food should be handled separately. Gloves should be worn when processing meat by hand.
When sneezing, coughing and for other respiratory tract infection symptoms, use tissues or a handkerchief to cover your mouth and nose to prevent infection of others; when experiencing fever, cough, sore throat, and symptoms of malaise, you should wear a mask.
If the symptoms worsen, wear a mask and go to the emergency room for medical treatment; tell the doctor if you have been in contact with poultry in the past 7 days, or if you have been to an area with avian influenza.
When going out, try to avoid contact with wild birds or going to the habitat of wild birds.
The elderly and infirm, especially patients with underlying diseases, should minimise time in unventilated or crowded places during the period of high incidence of respiratory diseases. When going to the hospital, wear a mask.
Are there targeted drugs, treatment options or vaccine?
The National Health and Family Planning Commission’s plan recommends use of oseltamivir or zanamivir [?? I used google translate for drug names!] antiviral treatment during the early period. For human infections of H7N9 avian influenza treatment mainly addresses symptoms; antiviral therapy has not yet developed a vaccine
What to do if experiencing symptoms of high fever and cough?
If experiencing fever, headache, nasal congestion, cough, general malaise and other respiratory symptoms you should wear a mask and go to the emergency room as soon as possible; be sure to tell the doctor whether you have been to an area with avian influenza or had contact with diseased poultry in the past 7 days. Follow the doctor’s instructions regarding treatment and use of medicine.
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